Sitting en banc, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit ruled that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) structure is constitutional. By a vote of 7 to 3, the full panel of judges reversed an earlier panel decision that took issue with the independent agency’s single-director structure. The en banc decision left intact the DC Circuit panel’s interpretation of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA). Ultimately, the court remanded the case back to the Bureau for further proceedings consistent with the RESPA-related holdings of the court.

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